In the previous article, we have learned in detail about what is yoga and what Maharishi Patanjali has said about yoga in the Yoga Sutras, if you have not read that article of ours, then I would say that you should read that article first. So that you can understand this article well. So in today’s article, we will tell you in detail about the types of yoga. So let’s know something new.
Types of Yoga
Yoga infuses new energy in life by strengthening the immune system. Yoga keeps the body strong and flexible as well as relieves stress which is very important for everyday life.
Yoga asanas and postures keep both bodies and mind active. But do you know how many types of yoga are there? There are four main types of yoga. Raja Yoga, Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, and Gyan Yoga. Everyone does yoga according to Karma Yoga.
Yoga has different meanings in different contexts – spiritual method, spiritual process. Historically, samadhi, the final stage of Karma Yoga, was called Raja Yoga.
In the modern context, one of the six Hindu philosophies is called Raja Yoga (or simply Yoga). The Yogasutra of Maharishi Patanjali is its main text. In the 19th century, Swami Vivekananda started using ‘Raja Yoga’ in its modern sense.
A compilation of his lectures on this subject has been published in the form of a book called Raja Yoga, which can be called the main modern treatise of Patanjali Yoga.
Raja Yoga is called the king of all yogas because in it there is bound to be some component of each type of yoga. The description of Ashtanga Yoga composed by Raja Yoga Maharishi Patanjali comes. The subject of Raja Yoga is to quell the mind.
As long as man’s mind is full of disorder and his intellect remains corrupt, then there can be no philosophy. Under Raja Yoga, Maharishi Patanjali has described Ashtanga as follows-
- Yama (swearing) यम (शपथ लेना)
- Niyam (self-discipline) नियम (आत्म अनुशासन)
- Aasana (posture) आसन (मुद्रा)
- Pranayama (breath control) प्राणायाम (श्वास नियंत्रण)
- Pratyahara (control of the senses) प्रत्याहार (इंद्रियों का नियंत्रण)
- perception (concentration) धारणा (एकाग्रता)
- Meditation ध्यान (मेडिटेशन)
- Samadhi (liberation from bondage or union with God) समाधि (बंधनों से मुक्ति या परमात्मा से मिलन)
The first five above are the ‘outdoor means of yoga‘. Dharana, Dhyana, and Samadhi are the three intimate means of Yoga. Liberation is attained when the goal is God. It is a psychological way of attaining union with the Supreme Soul in which all the powers of the mind are concentrated and brought towards a center or object.
In fact, Karma Yoga is the only yoga through which we are able to connect with our soul. Karma Yoga awakens our self-knowledge. We can then foresee not only our present life objectives but our future course of action.
In this yoga, God is attained through karma. Karma Yoga is considered the best in Shrimad Bhagavad Gita.
Yoga also has another meaning. That is the skillful execution of actions (yoga: karmasu kaushalam).
It means to act in such a way that it does not create bondage, That is, doing work for God without the fruits of karma and attachment is actually Karmayoga and by following it one attains Abhyudaya and Nishreyas.
According to the Gita, Karmayoga is more preferable to taking sannyasa from actions or renouncing them.
Bhakti yoga has a special place in the world of spiritual practice, because of its association with God, it is called yoga. Bhakti yoga is one of the different branches of yoga.
It is considered to be excellent because it is the simplest and most accessible, anyone can become its official, there is not the slightest doubt about it, the practice of Bhakti Yoga is more suitable for the spiritual seekers. This is the easiest and most natural way to attain God.
As the love of the ignorant people is for the perishable, fleeting, enjoyable objects of the senses, so is my love in you and O Lord! May he never be far from my heart by wishing you constantly.
This definition shows the fervent love for God, the fervent desire to attain Him. This is the best definition of Bhakti Yoga
If we consider Bhakti to be the yoga of the mind, then Gyana(Jnana)Yoga is the yoga of the intellect, the path of the sage or scholar. To walk on this path requires the development of the intellect through the study of yoga texts and texts. Gyana(Jnana) Yoga is considered the most difficult as well as the most direct.
It takes serious study and attracts people who are intellectually inclined. Gyana(Jnana) Yoga is considered the path of wisdom. Because through this the darkness of the mind i.e. ignorance is removed.
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